Edited by Peter Straub. New York: Library of America, Rottweiler, Frank, and Jacques Beauchemin.
Marlowe, Philip, and Sarah Spade. Accessed October 31, Pavlenko, Aneta. Last modified October 7, Accessed October 29, One method for doing this is creating a footnote. A footnote is when you follow a quotation, a paraphrased idea, or a piece of information that otherwise needed to be cited with a superscript number like this. Think of the footnote as telling the reader where to go in your bibliography to find the source, and the bibliography entry as telling the reader where to go in the real world to find the source.
Turabian Citation Style Guide 8th Edition: I. Reference Book
An endnote is exactly like a footnote, except that endnotes appear all together at the end of the paper, while each footnote appears on the bottom of the same page as its superscripted number. There are two steps to creating a footnote.
First, you need to place a number in the text to tell the reader what note to look for; then, you need to create the note itself. The first step to creating a footnote is place a number next to the statement that needs to be sourced. To do this, place the number at the end of the sentence it refers to, after all punctuation.
Your first footnote of the paper should be numbered 1, your second should be 2, and so on until the end of the paper. If you are writing an exceptionally long paper, such as a doctoral thesis, numbers should restart at the beginning of every chapter.
Next, you need to create the note that the number refers to. Every number needs a note. You only need to create a note that contains all of this information once per paper. If you cite this source again later in the paper say, in your sixth note , you would simply write the author, title, and page number, separated by commas:.
Chicago Citation Style: How to cite a chapter in your essay
However, if you cite the exact same source more than once in a row, without citing any other sources in between, there is a special shorthand you can use. Chicago NB style has very specific rules for what to do in this situation. These footnotes guide the reader to the corresponding entry in your bibliography. Different types of source require different citation information, but they always follow the form of: author, title, publication information, and then either page number or website URL all separated by commas.
When to Cite Chapters or Essays:
And remember, this information will also be contained, in a slightly different form, in your bibliography. Theodore Brown et al. Skip to main content. Search for:.
Music Citations: Turabian/Chicago Style: Chapters & Essays
If you are using NB, you will need a bibliography at the end of your paper, in which all the sources you cite throughout the text of your paper are listed together. The bibliography has its own special formatting rules, including hanging indentation. There are different citation styles for types of sources, including books, online resources, journals, and many others.
There are different citation styles for articles, depending on where you found them. Key Terms bibliography : A section of a written work containing citations, not quotations, of all the sources referenced in the work.
Online Chicago Manual of Style
Key Takeaways Key Points A footnote is when you follow a quotation, a paraphrased idea, or a piece of information that otherwise needed to be cited with a superscript number. An endnote is exactly like a footnote, except the note on what source was used is at the end of the paper rather than the bottom of the page. You must always provide a citation for a quote to show its origin.
Whether something is common knowledge is not always clear, so the best idea is to provide a citation for important facts that you bring up if you have any doubt. An example of common knowledge would be: Some chickens lay brown eggs. You would need to include a citation for this second statement. For instance, you may mention in your paper that the story of "Frankenstein" was written during a friendly writing game among friends. Many readers may know this, but others may want an explanation.
The software will also automatically renumber your notes if you delete one or you decide to insert one at a later time. In Turabian citations, always italicize or underline the name of a book and put the title of an article in quotation marks. You should list a citation for an encyclopedia in the footnote, but you don't need to include it in your bibliography.
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- Turabian Style 8th Edition: Writing Guide: Footnotes?
- Turabian Referencing Guide;
Share Flipboard Email. Grace Fleming has a master's degree in education and is an academic advisor and college enrollment counselor. She lectures and writes about study skills. Updated September 28, Turabian style allows writers to choose from two systems of citing information:. The notes and bibliography method allows students will use footnotes or endnotes in the text and a bibliography at the end of the paper. Those papers would also include a reference list of works cited at the end.
To insert a footnote in Turabian style:.